What is the danger of smoking, the impact of tobacco and cigarettes on the male, female and children's body

The words "cigarette" and "health" are incompatible with each other, and the consequences can be most irreversible, and a person of any age needs to know about the dangers of smoking. Nicotine is a powerful toxin that gradually destroys the cells of the bronchopulmonary system, and then the whole body. Therefore, realizing the colossal harm of smoking, it is important to finally get rid of this destructive addiction, to take a series of preventive measures to finally remove toxic substances.

What is smoking

This bad habit is a global problem of our time, because every year rapidly "getting younger". The number of male smokers is constantly growing, and the female body is often characterized by such a deadly addiction. Tobacco smoking is equated with alcohol dependence, because in both casesIn recent years, many have realized this problem and stopped smoking, but the younger generation still wants to "try everything".

How many harmful substances are in cigarettes

Useful information for heavy smokers: one cigarette contains about 4000 chemical compounds, of which 40 poisons are dangerous to health. These are carbon dioxide, arsenic, nicotine, cyanide, benzapyrene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, hydrocyanic acid. After arbitrary inhalation of tobacco smoke (this refers to the health of passive smokers), the body is also dominated by pathological processes that cause such radioactive substances as polonium, lead, bismuth. This chemical composition only provides damage from tobacco.

What is harmful smoking

The chemicals contained in cigarettes can be deadly to humans if they enter the body for a long time. Thousands of people die each year from destructive addiction at a relatively young age, and are even more prone to chronic cough, bronchitis, obstructive pulmonary disease and other diseases with unforeseen clinical outcomes. Therefore, it is important to treat tobacco addiction and the consequences of its prevalence in a person's life in a timely manner.

broken cigarette and damage from smoking

Damage of smoking to the human body

During the period of long exposure to nicotine, all internal organs and systems suffer, because in smokers, the blood is not enriched with oxygen, but with toxic substances. This pathological condition affects atherosclerosis, which becomes the main cause of most cardiovascular diseases. However, health problems do not stop there, the presence of addiction contributes to the reduction of intellectual abilities and more.

For men

The first step is to note that nicotine can negatively affect the potency of the stronger sex. Men who smoke for a long time do everything to face erectile dysfunction before the age of 40. For a full life and an active representative of the stronger sex, this is a tragedy, so you should not bring your own body to the appearance of these pathologies. In addition to heart disease, health problems may include:

  • Chronic bronchitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • BPH;
  • tissue starvation with oxygen (hypoxia);
  • tuberculosis;
  • progressive retinal dystrophy;
  • decreased visual acuity, hearing;
  • deterioration of the appearance and structure of the skin;
  • exacerbation of nervous diseases;
  • chronic cough;
  • gradual jaundice, destruction of tooth enamel;
  • malignant tumors.

For a woman

These pathologies are partly characteristic of the female body, if the fairer sex smokes. Nicotine in high concentration causes a chronic form of bronchitis, emphysema, does not exclude the presence of diagnosed infertility. Smoking gradually kills, but at first it turns a woman into a cripple. If we talk about diseases of the respiratory tract, nicotine is not limited to such a pathological process. Cigarettes harm the body on a large scale, and here are the clinical pictures that are happening:

  • nicotine contributes to abortion in early pregnancy;
  • the presence of a prolonged smoker's cough becomes the norm of everyday life;
  • smoking increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke;
  • negative effects spread to the skin, contribute to its aging;
  • there is a change in the timbre of the voice, constantly worried about a dry cough;
  • smoking can lead to lung cancer;
  • nicotine can cause deep depression;
  • smoking causes mental disorders prone to relapse;
  • gastric vessels under the influence of nicotine are pathologically narrow, peristalsis is disturbed;
  • Cigarettes cause serious damage to the structure of nails, hair and teeth.
appearance of smokers and non-smokers

For the child's body

Teenagers also "mess with cigarettes", not realizing how they could suffer from the negative effects of nicotine in the future. Smoking increases the risk of developing chronic diseases, and the consequences for health can be the most irreparable - death from lung cancer at a relatively young age. Alcohol consumption and smoking cause the following pathologies in adolescents:

  • cigarette reduces intellectual abilities, significantly inhibits psychomotor functions;
  • the consequences of cigarette smoking for students are accompanied by the risk of diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems;
  • cigarette damage becomes the main cause of cancer, tumor formation not only in the bronchopulmonary system;
  • if a teenager becomes addicted to such drugs, the consequences affect his physical and mental condition;
  • bad habits disrupt metabolism, increase body weight, contribute to the development of obesity.

Diseases caused by smoking

Understanding how smoking affects the human body, it is important to know all the existing diagnoses that a smoker can personally face in his youth. Minor, but also noticeable damage from hookah smoking. If a person smokes constantly, he must understand that he can be overcome by the following chronic diseases with the most unexpected clinical outcome:

  • Chronic bronchitis;
  • pulmonary emphysema;
  • malignant lung tumor;
  • vascular atherosclerosis;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • obliterating endarteritis;
  • impotence and frigidity;
  • pulmonary thromboembolism;
  • congenital deformities of the child;
  • extensive pathologies of the digestive tract;
  • diagnosed infertility;
  • pneumonia.


Smoking is harmful to health and colossal. Nicotine with prolonged exposure causes cell mutation, promotes the formation of malignant neoplasms. The problem is exacerbated by genetic predisposition to such pathologies. Oncology ends in death, and a person can die at a young age. The disease brings physical torment and psychological suffering, and the pathological process cannot always be stopped. That is why it is important to explain to a child at an early age why smoking is harmful.

Too bad smoking for others

Giving up bad habits is not only good for your health, but also for others. The damage from smoking cigarettes is felt by casual passers-by and close relatives who must be in regular contact with heavy smokers. Nicotine in tobacco smoke causes the heart to beat faster, heart rhythm disorders, coughs, and even severe asthma attacks. When dealing with secondhand smoke, here are some things to look out for:

  • risk of miscarriage (in pregnant smokers);
  • reduced fertility;
  • depressed state;
  • redness, eye irritation;
  • dry throat, sweating;
  • attacks of coughing, choking;
  • performance drop.
smoking and its health risks


The harm of smoking is obvious after the first cigarette, because there is a sore throat, unpleasant smell and dryness of the mucous membrane in the throat. This is just the beginning, in the future changes in the body may become irreversible. Here's what smokers should be especially careful about:

  • increase in the concentration of fatty acids and cholesterol in the blood;
  • increased risk of sudden death;
  • development of cardiac ischemia in women;
  • increased risk of atherosclerosis.


Statistics show that up to 3, 000 people of all ages die from secondhand smoke each year. If a child has parents who smoke, then about 2, 700 newborns and children in the first year of life die from sudden death syndrome. Up to 62, 000 people die each year from extensive pathologies of the myocardium and cardiovascular system. The facts gathered are not comforting, so it is important to always remember such shocking statistics before you light another cigarette.